Policy Paper 125 : Security Measures and Collective Punishment Collective harm occurs when all the requirements for the above definition • of collective punishment exist, apart from harm to the individual’s rights ; instead, the individual suffers a curtailment of privileges or benefits . Collateral damage . When concrete steps to prevent terror result in • indirect and unintended harm to individuals not involved in acts of terror, this is considered collateral damage, which is neither collective punishment nor collective harm . Collective punishment may be based on an approach according to which individuals are not held to be autonomous beings who bear sole responsibility for their actions, but rather are considered part of a collective, which is the basic unit to which rights and obligations apply . This view does not see individuals as being an end in and of themselves . Alternatively, collective punishment may be based on a functionalist / utilitarian approach that claims that in c...  אל הספר
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